Meet Nuclear Analyst Tianran Xu

Open Source Analyst - Nuclear


Tell me about yourself. Your background.

My name is Tianran Xu and I’m from Beijing. I received my degree in the German language at Xi’an International Studies University. After graduation I became a full-time journalist, working first as a journalist and editor with the Global Times English Edition, which is a major English-language newspaper in China. After that, I moved on to foreign news organizations in Beijing. My beat covered topics like defense and technology. I speak Chinese, English and German.

What is your role at ONN?

I study missiles and nuclear delivery systems to better understand capabilities and ways to build strong, verifiable agreement and reduce the risk of nuclear weapons systems. I use publicly available information, including images, videos, and texts, to generate analysis on the development of weapons programs, the military activities of key players, and the associated risks of unintentional nuclear use.

You need to be knowledgeable in your beat and use information online to do this work. I've engaged in open source intelligence work for the past several years as my hobby. I will be writing similar essays for One Earth Future’s (OEF) Open Nuclear Network (ONN) programme.

I also work with my other ONN colleagues to build-up Datayo. Datayo is a software platform developed by the ONN programme, which we use to analyze many kinds of open source information and talk about it with people around the world. I have my own dataset of pictures of road mobile missiles that I am preparing for the Datayo platform right now.

I also work collaboratively with the ONN team to do network mapping to try to find the best people for ONN’s engagement network. The engagement network is an ambitious plan, through which we aim to identify key players in nuclear decision making, conduct research, and provide neutral, objective information as a means of reducing nuclear risk.

What does Open Source Intelligence mean to you?

Open Source Intelligence is using publicly available information and using analysis methods to draw conclusions about things that are important for our relative fields. In this case, nuclear risk reduction. We live in a highly digital environment, with heavy information flow. We as internet users and citizens gather tons of publicly available information and produce intelligence that can serve the greater good of the world we live in.

Why is Open Source Intelligence Important for the Global Community?

Risk reduction. ONN’s current focus is on North Korea, but we plan to expand our scope.

For example, How can we help make sure that there is not a nuclear conflict in the Asian-Pacific region due to misunderstanding and miscalculation? For example, if in a conventional conflict, a party launched a mid- to long- range anti-ship ballistic missile, how can the other tell that the incoming missile is not nuclear-armed, but an anti-ship missile?

There are so many fields and possibilities we can explore.

Read more about Tianran or contact him.

  • Stable Seas program is leaving One Earth Future

    Setting Sail: OEF’s Stable Seas Program Reaches New Milestone

    After three years of programmatic incubation, OEF’s Stable Seas program has reached a new milestone. Because of the team’s success demonstrating how accessible information on the relationships between maritime security and on-shore violence can shape the preparedness of government leaders, on May 1st the program’s work is being taken on by a new independent entity being formed by a consortium of partners anchored by the United Nations Office on Drugs & Crime. Read More
  • Open Nuclear Network - Engagement Network Members

    ONN Announces Engagement Network Members

    Open Nuclear Network (ONN) is excited to introduce the members of its Engagement Network (EN) to a broader audience. During the past year, ONN has worked to establish close working relationships with esteemed former senior officials and experts from China, Japan, Russia, South Korea and the United States, all committed to working together with ONN on the focused mission of nuclear risk reduction on the Korean Peninsula and in the broader Northeast Asia region. Read More
  • women's history month March women peacebuilders perspectives

    Perspectives on Peace | Celebrating Women’s History Month

    It is well documented, today, that women’s empowerment and gender equality are critical to achieving peace and stability around the world. The full and meaningful leadership, empowerment, and protection of women is essential to resolving deadly conflict and building stable, prosperous, and just post-conflict societies. We celebrate and support women and their male allies around the world who are working together to make that a reality. Happy Women’s History Month! Read More
  • Somali investments European Union

    Shuraako partners with the EU to boost the Somali private sector through access to finance

    On February 2, 2021, the European Union launched 3 new projects in support of Somalia’s private sector. One of the projects will contribute 5.5M€ to the Nordic Horn of Africa Opportunities Fund (the ‘Nordic Fund’) which is an impact fund targeting Somali small and medium sized enterprises. This brings the total funds that Shuraako manages (under the Nordic Fund) to $24 million. Read More
  • OEF theory of Peace monument

    A Deep-Dive into OEF's Theory of Peace

    Peacebuilding organizations like OEF face a surprising problem: deciding what we mean by peace. In developing our theories of impact and articulating how we do our work, we start with our end goal: the elimination of war and large-scale organized political violence. Read More
  • black peacebuilders influential

    Recognizing a Few Influential Peacebuilders this Black History Month

    In our mission to create an Earth beyond war and establish sustainable peace, we’re taking a moment to acknowledge a few of the many influential and empowering peacebuilders of the black community who have left an everlasting impact on the path towards a peaceful humanity.  Read More