Fragile and conflict impacted states often suffer from a severe lack of investment capital for private sector development. Diaspora investors have the potential to play a critical role as frontier investors, providing much needed capital for economic growth and development. This report explores a variety of investment mechanisms and public policies which might help facilitate this important form of investment.
The decision by rebel groups to employ terrorism is influenced, in part, by the structure of rebel organizations as well as the strategic environment in which they operate. Rebel groups are more likely to use terrorism when they have close ties to vulnerable communities and are able to use media coverage of attacks to highlight their goals to their constituents. By understanding the strategic and organizational factors that lead to terrorism in war, conflict affected states and international stakeholders can take steps to reduce this form of violence.
This discussion paper analyzes the structural and causal factors that led to the collapse of Mozambique’s landmark 1992 General Peace Agreement in October 2013 and why they matter for the country’s future stability.
The State of Maritime Piracy 2017 report includes analyses of the economic and human costs of piracy and armed robbery in the Western Indian Ocean Region, West Africa, Asia, and Latin American and the Caribbean.
This fact sheet seeks to identify successful strategies and reforms that countries have initiated in order to reduce remittance cost - in their effort to comply with Sustainable Development Goal 10C.
In Sustainable Development Goal 16, UN member states committed themselves to tracking and releasing information about the closely related issues of peace, justice, inclusion, and good governance. Collecting good data about these issues is difficult and expensive, and many states will need to expand the capacity of their National Statistical Office to meet their commitment. This report explores public-private partnerships as one tool for expanding the capacity of governments to collect and release data on good governance and peace. Based on case studies, interviews, and a s
UN peacekeeping operations have evolved in recent years to include more robust missions that pursue peace enforcement in a way not previously seen. The central question of this report is: how does peace enforcement change where an actor targeted with intervention uses violence against civilians. The report finds that armed groups significantly reduce the area over which they target civilians. This has important implications for forces responsible for protecting civilians in peace enforcement missions.
Peace enforcement has become the subject of vigorous debate among both policy makers and academics working in the field of peace operations. However, there has been relatively little empirical examination of how this emerging strategy affects another key objective of contemporary peace operations: reducing violence against civilians. This policy brief discusses the policy implications of an initial study of peace enforcement and its impact on where actors use violence against civilians.
Governance systems that contribute to stable peace are characterized by having inclusive means of operating, participatory systems that bring the governed into the process of decision making, systems for accountability that ensure transparent and equitable operations, and enough systemic capacity that they are able to provide physical security and public goods supporting human development. When all of these elements are present, they form a mutually reinforcing virtuous cycle that reduces the risk of violence.
This issue paper explores the use of escorts by a state military asset as a model of contracted maritime security.