This fact sheet seeks to identify successful strategies and reforms that countries have initiated in order to reduce remittance cost - in their effort to comply with Sustainable Development Goal 10C.
In Sustainable Development Goal 16, UN member states committed themselves to tracking and releasing information about the closely related issues of peace, justice, inclusion, and good governance. Collecting good data about these issues is difficult and expensive, and many states will need to expand the capacity of their National Statistical Office to meet their commitment. This report explores public-private partnerships as one tool for expanding the capacity of governments to collect and release data on good governance and peace. Based on case studies, interviews, and a s
UN peacekeeping operations have evolved in recent years to include more robust missions that pursue peace enforcement in a way not previously seen. The central question of this report is: how does peace enforcement change where an actor targeted with intervention uses violence against civilians. The report finds that armed groups significantly reduce the area over which they target civilians. This has important implications for forces responsible for protecting civilians in peace enforcement missions.
Peace enforcement has become the subject of vigorous debate among both policy makers and academics working in the field of peace operations. However, there has been relatively little empirical examination of how this emerging strategy affects another key objective of contemporary peace operations: reducing violence against civilians. This policy brief discusses the policy implications of an initial study of peace enforcement and its impact on where actors use violence against civilians.
Governance systems that contribute to stable peace are characterized by having inclusive means of operating, participatory systems that bring the governed into the process of decision making, systems for accountability that ensure transparent and equitable operations, and enough systemic capacity that they are able to provide physical security and public goods supporting human development. When all of these elements are present, they form a mutually reinforcing virtuous cycle that reduces the risk of violence.
This issue paper explores the use of escorts by a state military asset as a model of contracted maritime security.
This issue paper explores the model of coastal state embarked personnel in different regions around the world.
Since 1945, there have been relatively few large interstate wars, especially compared to the preceding 30 years. The implications of this pattern, sometimes called “the Long Peace,” remain highly controversial. Is this an enduring trend toward peace? Or is it temporary, representing a fluctuation within an otherwise stable system of conflict? Answering this question has remained difficult because of substantial evidence supporting both perspectives and the enormously variable nature of war.
This issue paper explores the presence of uniformed military personnel embarked on a vessel with explicit approval of the Flag State.
This issue paper explores the model of private maritime security, a form of contracted maritime security that has emerged primarily off the Horn of Africa as a response to Somali piracy.