In 2005 the member states of the UN committed to preventing and stopping the mass atrocity crimes of genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing, and crimes against humanity. This commitment was formally called the “Responsibility to Protect” (R2P), and it clarified states' obligations under international law to stop and prevent these atrocities. Since the adoption of R2P, the majority of international policy and practice has focused on what state governments can do to operationalize this commitment. This book examines the role of the private sector as a potential ally in th
Evidence shows that women’s participation in peace and security processes is linked to a greater likelihood of successful outcomes, and international frameworks have sprung up accordingly. What is less understood is the role of national initiatives. National Action Plans (NAPs) to implement UN Resolution 1325 on women, peace, and security have tripled since 2010, but what impact do these plans have?
Some argue that climate change effects pose one of the greatest risks for political violence, and others argue there is no relationship whatsoever. A new study shows that there is gray area between the two sides, and offers policy implications for international donors.
Since 2011, OBP has convened Working Group meetings for maritime stakeholders and experts to share information and discuss challenges and opportunities regarding how to address maritime piracy in the Western Indian Ocean and in the Gulf of Guinea. These meetings are always held under the Chatham House Rule in order to facilitate and encourage a frank and open exchange of views.
Addressing the developing crisis around irregular migration by sea will require international institutions to work quickly to address the humanitarian, practical, and legal challenges posed by irregular migration. Applying lessons learned from the effective international response to maritime piracy off the coast of Somalia may allow for international institutions to set up systems to address this new maritime issue. This paper examines one particular lesson from the response to Somali piracy in terms of its applicability to maritime migration. The use of international syst
Understanding the Somali piracy crisis could make crossing the Mediterranean safer for refugees.
Few cross-national studies provide evidence of a relationship between environmental scarcity and conflict, although much of the literature claims that destabilizing effects of environmental crises can be mitigated by the right sociopolitical conditions. The authors analyzed drought severity and civil conflict in sub-Saharan Africa from 1962 to 2006 and uncovered some surprising results based on which and when sociopolitical conditions influenced the link between scarcity and conflict.
Discussions of Somali piracy typically have focused on how piracy has affected the international community, but have rarely incorporated the local perspective. OBP conducted a series of interviews along the Somali coast in order to give a voice to residents' attitudes towards piracy, and bring to light local perceptions of the current situation, including in traditional piracy hotspots.
More than 3,000 seafarers have been held hostage by Somali pirates since 2001, with a significant, but unknown, number of seafarers kidnapped in other parts of the world. These seafarers, and their families, have faced fear and uncertainty, and in some cases, direct abuse. In addition to the 41 seafarers who remain in captivity as of the release of this report, the thousands of seafarers who have returned to their regular lives after being held hostage must address the challenges of reintegration and coping with their experiences.
The establishment of the new MDAT-GOG reporting "network" in the Gulf of Guinea and the associated changes to UKHO chart Q6114, have raised odd questions about the definitions and purpose of risk and reporting areas associated with maritime piracy. In general terms, these areas are meant to help establish situational awareness of maritime traffic, threats and response options to help vulnerable shipping vessels.