As the Somali regions continue to emerge from decades of civil war, investment is expanding, banks are opening their doors, and Somali exports are increasingly finding markets. Those most anxious to embrace the growing Somali private sector and encourage expansion of Somali product exports to foreign markets are members of the Somali diaspora around the world. Through remittances and small investments, these individuals provide a critical lifeline for individuals in the Somali regions, as well as for businesses.
This paper leverages data from the fifty democracies that have had a female leader to better understand how women in the highest levels of government affect women’s representation in other elected offices. The experiences of these countries offer little reason to believe a first female president or prime minister will soon be followed by another woman in power.
This year's report marks the sixth year that Oceans Beyond Piracy has assessed the human and economic cost of maritime piracy. Over the years the report has evolved and our focus has expanded from piracy off the coast of Somalia to piracy in the Gulf of Guinea, and finally to piracy and robbery at sea in Southeast Asia. What has remained constant is our goal to explain and quantify the magnitude of these crimes and the profound impacts it has had on stakeholders from governments, industry, and most importantly, its victims.
The authorization of the Intervention Brigade (IB) in the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) has sparked controversy in the international community over the value of such deployments for UN peace operations. Outlined here are several key conditions which can help determine whether this model can be successfully deployed as a tool for civilian protection outside the DRC context.
This report provides a common operating picture based on diverse information collected from renewable energy experts, development actors, donors, and Somali businesspeople in the traditional and emerging renewable energy market. This report updates and draws heavily on OEF’s previous Powering Progress report. This report outlines key problems in the Somali energy market, including issues of access, affordability, and reliability.
When is it sensible to say that group selection has shaped organismal design? This question has prompted many replies but few credible solutions. This article provides new work that exposes the causal relationships between phenotypes and fitness.
OBP is concerned about changes in Pirate Activity in the Gulf of Guinea:
Since the end of the Cold War, the military coup d’état has become the greatest threat to transitional democracies around the world. This policy brief provides a series of recommendations based on a recent study on coup in transitional democracy published in Comparative Political Studies under the title “Coup d’État and Democracy.” This research urges greater attention to how new democracies can, with the help of the international community, convince military elites to stay out of politics without relying on repression.
This article explains coup activity in democracies by adapting insights from the literature on commitment problems and framing coup around the threats leaders and potential coup plotters pose to each other. The author uses several data sets of coup activity and democratic constraints to find significant differences in coup activity between democracies and non-democracies.
Mated birds of many species vocalize together, producing duets. Duetting behavior occurs at two levels of organization: the individual level and the pair level. Individuals initiate vocalizations, answer their mates' vocalizations, and control the structure and timing of their own vocalizations. Pairs produce duets that vary with respect to duration, temporal coordination, and phrase-type combinations, among other properties.