Civil society actors play an influential role in supporting human rights. While the literature on this topic tends to focus on human rights activity at the national level, civil society organizations (CSOs) also operate at the local level to advance human rights. The advancement of women’s rights is a particularly good example of this. In Davao City, Philippines, local women’s organizations campaigned for the passage of the Davao City Women and Development Code, a progressive piece of legislation that implemented the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW).
Trends in urbanization and climate change are altering the nature of human settlements. As the number and impact of severe weather events increases, countries and cities are forced to cope. The limited governance mechanisms and financial constraints of many developing cities restrain capacity for dealing with complex urban problems. This paper describes how climate change is linked to urban fragility, crime, and violence, and emphasizes the important role of city governments in addressing peace and security challenges associated with climate migration.
This 2016 study represents the seventh year in the State of Maritime Piracy report series. Since the beginning of the series, the scope of research has expanded to include analysis of the economic and human costs of piracy in the Western Indian Ocean Region, West Africa, Asia, and — for the first time this year — Latin America and the Caribbean.
This report shows how complex issues like illegal fishing, coastal violence, and human trafficking intersect to create a uniquely insecure maritime environment in Somali waters. Regional conflicts have shifted human migration flows, and this has further accelerated the smuggling of both trafficked persons and arms across the Gulf of Aden. Poor fisheries management contributed to the emergence of Somali piracy.
This guide was produced by the Stanley Foundation in collaboration with the Stimson Center. It reviews findings from a seven week consultation process with eighty-two professionals working in global governance.
This report, based on field research, documents which features of business work in fragile areas and how businesses operate in regard to strategy, contract enforcement, and other aspects of firm behavior. The study was conducted in three conflict-affected jurisdictions: the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), an arena of long-simmering conflict; Somaliland, nominally part of a federation coming out of three decades of almost continuous conflict; and South Sudan, a new country that at the time of writing still struggles with civil war.
Oceans Beyond Piracy recently convened a meeting of 40 maritime experts in London to discuss the current state of piracy off the east and west coasts of Africa. The meeting was convened just as reports of the capture of a small tanker, MT Aris 13, en route to Mogadishu from Djibouti, were being received from Somalia. The attack marked the first hijacking of a merchant vessel since the height of Somali piracy in 2012.
This fact sheet provides an overview of the US refugee admittance process and the current research on the threat posed to US national security by refugees.
Assumptions underlying election result predictions have been encountering wide criticism. This study, published in the journal Science, reports the results of a multiyear program to predict direct executive elections in a variety of countries from globally pooled data.
Recent incidents involving vessels off the Horn of Africa do not reflect traditional forms of piracy, signaling an evolving threat to maritime security in the region.